Jamaican political leader, who was a staunch proponent of the Black nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, founder the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL), founder of the Black Star Line, which promoted the return of the African diaspora to their ancestral lands.

PHILOSOPHY & OPINIONS

EDUCATION is the medium by which a people are prepared for the creation of theirown particular civilization, and the advancement and glory of their own race.

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NATIONHOOD is the only means by which modern civilization can completely protect itself. Independence of nationality, independence of government, is the means of protecting not only the individual, but the group.

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Nationhood is the highest ideal of all peoples.

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The evolutionary scale that weighs nations and races, balances alike for all peoples;hence we feel sure that some day the balance will register a change for the Negro.

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If we are to believe the Divine injunction, we must realize that the time is coming whenevery man and every race must return to its own “vine and fig tree.”

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Let Africa be our guiding Star—OUR STAR OF DESTINY

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So many of us find excuses to get out of the Negro Race, because we are led to believethat the race is unworthy—that it has not accomplished anything. Cowards that we are!It is we who are unworthy, because we are not contributing to the uplift and up-building of this noble race.

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How dare anyone tell us that Africa cannot be redeemed, when we have 400,000,000men and women with warm blood coursing through their veins?The power that holds Africa is not Divine. The power that holds Africa is human, and it isrecognized that whatsoever man has done, man can do.

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