Jamaican political leader, who was a staunch proponent of the Black nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, founder the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL), founder of the Black Star Line, which promoted the return of the African diaspora to their ancestral lands.

PHILOSOPHY & OPINIONS

We of the Negro Race are moving from one state of organization to another, and weshall so continue until we have thoroughly lifted ourselves into the organization of GOVERNMENT.

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Be as proud of your race today as our fathers were in the days of yore. We have abeautiful history, and we shall create another in the future that will astonish the world.

WOMAN

What the night is to the day, is woman to man.The period of change that brings us lightout of darkness, darkness out of light, and semi-light out of darkness are like the changes we find in woman day by day.She makes one happy, then miserable. You are to her kind, then unkind. Constant yet in constant. Thus we have WOMAN. No real man can do without her.

LOVE

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A happy but miserable state in which man finds himself from time to time; sometimes he believes he is happy by loving, then suddenly he finds how miserable he is. It is all joy, it sweetens life, but it does not last. It comes and goes, but when it is active, there is no greater virtue, because it makes one supremely happy.We cannot hold our love, but there is one love that never changeth or is mistaken, andthat is Gods. The longer we hold Our love, the nearer we approach like unto ourCreator.The whole world is run on bluff. No race, no nation, no man has any divine right to takeadvantage of others. Why allow the other fellow to bluff you? Every student of Political Science, every student of Economics knows, that the race canonly be saved through a solid industrial foundation. That the race can only be saved . through political independence. Take away industry from a race; take away political freedom from a race, and you have a group of slaves.Peoples everywhere are travelling toward industrial opportunities and greater political freedom. As a race oppressed, it is for us to prepare ourselves that at any time the great change in industrial freedom and political liberty comes about, we may be able to enter into the new era as partakers of the joys to be inherited.

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All peoples are struggling to blast a way through the industrial monopoly of races andnations, but the Negro as a whole has failed to grasp its true significance and seems todelight in filling only that place created for him by the white man.

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 The Negro who lives on the patronage of philanthropists is the most dangerous memberof our society, because he is willing to turn back the clock of progress when hisbenefactors ask him so to do.

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